Dharma is a key concept with multiple meanings in Indian religions, such as Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism, Sikhism and others. There is no single-word translation for dharma in Western languages.
Hao – 好
means AWESOME. a cool,lovable, patient, and considerate person. literally means GOOD in Chinese.
The teachings of the Buddha are often referred to as the “Dharma.” This word is closely associated with “truth”—a truth that one can know for oneself. When he taught the essence of his Dharma, the Buddha consistently avoided metaphysical and speculative ideas in favor of practical teachings that serve the path of liberation. In being practical, he emphasized perspectives and practices that lead to the end of suffering. In referring to his teachings, he himself explicitly said, “I teach suffering and the end of the suffering.” His Dharma is also empirical in that it is something that can be experienced for oneself. He expressed this clearly by referring to the Dharma as “directly visible,” and by his frequent emphasis on knowing and seeing as integral to the path he taught. Believing, on the other hand, does not stand out as having a significant role in the Buddha’s core teachings.
Dharma (/ˈdɑːrmə/; Sanskrit: धर्म, romanized: dharma, pronounced [dʱɐɽmɐ] (About this soundlisten); Pali: धम्म, romanized: dhamma, translit. dhamma) is a key concept with multiple meanings in Indian religions, such as Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism, Sikhism and others. There is no single-word translation for dharma in Western languages.
In Hinduism, dharma signifies behaviors that are considered to be in accord with Ṛta, the order that makes life and universe possible, and includes duties, rights, laws, conduct, virtues and “right way of living”. In Buddhism, dharma means “cosmic law and order”, and is also applied to the teachings of Buddha. In Buddhist philosophy, dhamma/dharma is also the term for “phenomena”. Dharma in Jainism refers to the teachings of tirthankara (Jina) and the body of doctrine pertaining to the purification and moral transformation of human beings. For Sikhs, dharma means the path of righteousness and proper religious practice.
The concept of dharma was already in use in the historical Vedic religion, and its meaning and conceptual scope has evolved over several millennia. The ancient Tamil moral text of Tirukkural is solely based on aṟam, the Tamil term for dharma. The antonym of dharma is adharma.
Dharma is an important concept found in many spiritual philosophies from the Indian subcontinent, including Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism and Sikhism. These philosophical traditions that are often referred to as “dharmic traditions,” because they share a commitment to dharma and various forms of spiritual liberation.
The term dharma is derived from the Sanskrit root verb dhr, which means to preserve or support. In the Indic traditions, there is no exact translation for the word “religion” and dharma is often the word used to indicate this idea. Dharma is a common thread in the Indic traditions that expands the conventional term “religion” to include ethics, spiritual path, duty, law, and cosmic order.
In Hinduism, dharma is simultaneously the eternal order that rules the universe and the duty or law that governs one’s life. Fulfilling one’s dharma is more than simply one’s purpose in life – it is considered the very means by which one transcends suffering and the cycle of birth and death, or what is called saṃsāra.
One has social, political and familial dharmas, but most important is one’s spiritual dharma. In the Bhagavad Gītā, one of India’s most sacred texts, the popular deity Krishna teaches that it is our highest dharma to achieve spiritual understanding, which means to realize our true self as the Atman, the Supreme Consciousness, and to cultivate a relationship with the divine.
Dharma is considered one of the three jewels of Buddhism, along with the Sangha or community of practitioners, and the Buddha, or the enlightened state. Dharma most frequently refers to the Buddha’s teachings on liberation.