Carbon neutrality refers to achieving net-zero carbon dioxide emissions. This can be done by balancing emissions of carbon dioxide with its removal or by eliminating emissions from society.
Achieving carbon neutrality means that that your carbon dioxide output has a net neutral impact on the environment, and it can help stem the effects of climate change.
Carbon neutrality is achieved by calculating a carbon footprint and reducing it to zero through a combination of efficiency measures in-house and supporting external emission reduction projects.
Carbon neutrality means balancing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by 'offsetting' – or removing from the atmosphere – an equivalent amount of carbon for the amount produced. A carbon-neutral business needs only to offset the GHG emissions it produces – even if those emissions are increasing. ...
Well, when a person, company or country says they are “carbon neutral”, it means they've reduced the amount of carbon dioxide they're responsible for releasing into the Earth's atmosphere, as much as they can.
With the European Climate Law, the EU will commit to carbon neutrality by 2050. What would that mean in practice?
Climate change is already affecting the entire world, with extreme weather conditions such as drought, heat waves, heavy rain, floods and landslides becoming more frequent, including in Europe. Other consequences of the rapidly changing climate include rising sea levels, ocean acidification and loss of biodiversity.
In order to limit global warming to 1.5 degrees Celsius – a threshold the Intergovernmental Panel for Climate Change (IPCC) suggests is safe – carbon neutrality by mid-21st century is essential. This target is also laid down in the Paris agreement signed by 195 countries, including the EU.
In December 2019, the European Commission presented the European Green Deal, its flagship plan that aims to make Europe climate neutral by 2050. This target will be reached through the European Climate Law that sets climate neutrality into binding EU legislation.