Biotech Issues

Biotechnology is the branch of biology which deals with the use of microorganisms for performing various industrial functions or processes. Some describe it as the applied biology which deals with the use of living things in engineering, technology, medicine and other useful applications of life. At present the modern use of biotechnology is in genetic engineering and tissue culture technologies. Biotechnology has major use in the domestication of animals and in their breeding to get more healthy animals. It is also useful in cultivation of plants and improvements in their growth through hybridization.

Biotechnology is applied in four major industrial sectors like health care, agriculture, crop production, non food uses of crops. For example it plays an important role in manufacturing milk and beer. Other use is to recycle wastes and clean the sites which get contaminated by industries by using the method bioremediation. Many modern biotechnology applications can be found in medicine. For example drug production, gene therapy and genetic testing.

The 5 Most Pressing Ethical Issues in Biotech Medicine

  1. Protecting Human Subjects in Clinical Trials. This issue has generated considerable debate since 1999, when 18-year-old Jesse Gelsinger died while participating in a gene therapy trial at the University of Pennsylvania. …
  2. Affordability. …
  3. Privacy. …
  4. Stem Cell Research. …
  5. Defending the United States Against Bioterrorism.

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