Cyber security in automotive
Cybersecurity, within the context of road vehicles, is the protection of automotive electronic systems, communication networks, control algorithms, software, users, and underlying data from malicious attacks, damage, unauthorized access, or manipulation.
Connected car data security becomes key as automakers enable advanced communications and safety features.
With this increased connectivity comes greater automotive cybersecurity risks, too. In fact, the number of automotive cyberattacks has risen sharply. The average car today contains up to 150 electronic control units and about 100 million lines of software code. That number is projected to reach 300 million lines of code by 2030.
In response, regulators have begun to take action to address the growing vulnerabilities in connected car data security.
In response to the COVID-19 global pandemic and the resulting shift to remote work, there are several things automakers can do remotely to ensure compliance with the UNECE cybersecurity regulations for vehicles.
Beginning with the assessment, it is possible to review the existing setup, conduct interviews with internal experts and perform a gap analysis for the new requirements remotely.
The setup of organizational, processes and management systems can also be defined remotely. Last, but not least, the technical implementation of process automation solutions and CSMS technologies can be conducted remotely.
The Future of Automotive Cybersecurity
Due to increasing cyberattacks on vehicles and more risk, the industry needs standard procedures and international regulations for automotive cybersecurity.
Ultimately, automakers in the affected countries will need to become compliant with the new UNECE standards and change the way they work. The ISO 21434 standard is intended to make the process of becoming compliant more transparent and sets the foundation to achieve overall standardization.
Technological changes within the automotive industry are complex. Many automakers will need to align their connected car data security practices with international regulations and standards. The earlier they start preparing, the better chance they will have to implement the necessary changes to comply with the new regulations and standards.