A crossover SUV— also called crossover or CUV— is a type of sports utility vehicle (SUV) with unibody construction. Crossovers are often based on a platform shared with a passenger car; as a result they typically have better interior comfort, a more compliant ride, and superior fuel economy, but less off-road capability than truck-based SUVs. Poor off-road capability is compounded by many crossovers being sold without all-wheel drive, which challenges their definition as “sports utility vehicles”.
Further, there are various inconsistencies about whether vehicles are considered crossovers or SUVs; therefore the term SUV is often used as a catch-all for both crossovers and compact SUVs.
Forerunners of the crossover include the 1977 Matra Rancho and AMC Eagle introduced in 1979.
In the United States as of 2006, more than 50% of the overall SUV market were crossover models. Crossovers have also become increasingly popular in Europe since the early 2010s.